Choosing the right materials that will best fit your home is a serious work. You can get opinions from fellow homeowners or go-to contractors. However, know that it is also beneficial to do your own research.

Before proceeding, understand the possible pros and cons of your choices. Being hands-on in your home construction could predetermine factors like longevity, cost-effectiveness, safety, and performance of the materials. Knowing what to consider sets your expectations at the onset.

This also applies to your roofing needs. Roofs are prone to damages as they provide overall protection from natural hazards. Hence, selecting types of roofing materials for your homes is critical. More than aesthetics, there are several other vital aspects to consider.

Types of Roofing Materials

You can categorize roofing materials into three based on their pricing. You have three options: low-cost, medium-cost or high-cost roofing materials. As an initial step, read on to find out what types of roofing materials are available on the market.

1. Low-cost Roofing Materials

  • Asphalt Roll Roof

These are oil-based asphalt products known as mineral-surfaced roll roofing (or MSR). They come in rolls of about 100 square feet long and up to 20 feet wide.

Asphalt roll roofs are readily available in local home improvement stores. They are also very easy to transport. If you are a homeowner aiming for the lowest possible cost, then these might be the best option for you. Aside from being accessible, they also cut down labor expenses as you can install them by yourselves.

There are very limited color options to choose from, mostly black or green. Roll roofing materials are technically a single piece installed on a surface. Tearing and damages compromise their durability. They are expected to last for only about 5 to 8 years as they become problematic over time. They develop bald spots and tend to lose its grains in the long run.

  • Composite Shingles

    Asphalt and mineral granules make up its outer layer. Underneath this three-tab shingle, there is a fiberglass matting. This combination results in durability that most homeowners are looking for.Composite Shingles

It is a top-of-mind choice due to its ability to withstand shifting weather conditions. In fact, its lifespan extends from 20 to 30 years. To maximize its use, watch out for moss and extract them as soon as they start appearing.

Shingles are also easier to maintain as compared to roll roofing. You can replace or repair them piece by piece without damaging the entire roof.

2. Medium-cost Roofing Materials

  • Metal Roofing

This type is for people who are looking for an urban and industrial design. Metal roofing is also more lightweight as compared to other types such as concrete and tiles. Its weight ranges from 50 up to 150 pounds per square.

Metal Roofing

Apart from being modern, it is also fire-resistant attributed to its metal composition. It resists insects and fungus (like mildew) as well as strong wind gusts without cracking or eroding. These features eliminate the need for future treatments or repairs provided that it receives proper maintenance.

When installed correctly, it can serve its purpose for around 40 to 70 years. If poorly installed, metal panels have the tendency to loosen up leading to damage. Note as well that not all metals are the same. Low-grade quality may be less durable.

Metal roofing is a big investment. Cost may double or triple as compared to other types. You should stick to it if you are planning to stay in your house long enough to reap its benefits.

  • Synthetic Slate

These are rubber-based shingles. They look very similar to natural stones. They are also easier and faster to install than traditional stones (which are heavier). Another good thing about them is that they cost about 50 to 60% less than natural slate.

Faux slates are built to resist extreme weather conditions like hail or ice storms. They do have the capability to resist fire (and cease it from spreading). Since they are lightweight, you do not need to reinforce roof support anymore.

They may be an investment on your part but you get your money’s worth throughout the years. Synthetic slates are proven to be low-maintenance and long-lasting up to about 50 years. They are convenient when it comes to re-roofing projects. Instead of rebuilding, you can install faux slates over your existing roof support without damaging it.

2. High-cost Roofing Materials

  • Natural Slate

Individuals who are into timeless aesthetics should consider this. There is a wide array of colors to choose from to match your own preference.

Nothing compares to it when it comes to longevity. With proper installation and maintenance, it can last a lifetime making it top-of-the-line and eco-friendly. However, there is an equivalent major financial investment due to its promising performance.

It could be expensive both with materials and labor. It is also difficult and complicated to install as compared to other materials. Only experts are advised to manage roofing projects that involve natural slate materials.

This might be a good consideration if you have plans to relocate sometime in the future. Having it installed increases your home’s resale value. Likewise, it is also ideal if you are planning to live in your home long-term. It stays in good condition with minimal maintenance for many decades.

While these types of roofing materials are durable, there are crucial things to keep in mind. For one, avoid stepping or walking on them to minimize damages and the need for repairs. Second, they are relatively heavier weighing up to 1,500 pounds per square. Hence, you need to have the right structural support or else it could result in more issues later on.

  • Eco-friendly Green Roofing

Green roofing is composed of layers of soil. It is literally covered with “greens” including different types of plants and vegetation. According to studies, it can reduce toxic wastes (carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous acid, and dust particles) that are harmful to the environment.

It can also be very expensive and difficult to maintain. This is due to multiple layers and irrigation systems involved. Thus, there is a level of commitment that comes along with it.

As with any regular garden, you need to continuously maintain your plants and keep it free from infestations. Regardless of time and effort required, people still go for it due to its lasting environmental impact.

Eco-Friendly Green Roofing

Unlike other types of roofing materials, it acts as a natural insulator minimizing the need for heating or cooling appliances. Plants also contribute to temperature regulation. As a result, the electricity bill is lowered and carbon footprint is lessened.

A green roof is ideal for urban areas because of its noise cancellation features. It may not be 100% sound-proof but compared to others, it can minimize external noise trying to penetrate your homes.


Even if roofing is just one aspect of your entire home, it needs your full attention. Good news, there are several types of roofing materials to choose from. You are free to select whichever matches your needs and requirements. There are factors that you need to reconsider to make sure that it will be worth your time and resources. Factors may include pricing, durability, performance, and a lot more.

Regardless of your choice, seek assistance only from professionals. Make this a priority to get your money’s worth and ultimately give importance to you and your family’s safety.

Do have more questions on the different types of roofing materials? Or are you looking for an expert to manage your roofing concerns? We, at Straight Arrow Roofing, are committed to giving you the most effective and efficient roofing service that you deserve. Get in touch with us today.